ASCII Character eLowercase e
The character "e" is the fifth letter of the Latin and English alphabets in its lowercase form.
The shape of the lowercase "e" generally consists of a closed loop or 'eye' at the top, with an open-ended horizontal line extending to the right, called a 'bar'. The design forms a shape that is almost a complete circle with a small gap at the top right. However, the specific design of the "e" can vary somewhat depending on the typeface or font being used.
In terms of pronunciation, the lowercase "e" in the English language represents the same vowel sounds as its uppercase counterpart "E". It can be either short, as in "bed", or long, as in "see".
Historically, the lowercase "e", along with other lowercase letters, came into existence after the uppercase letters. The development of lowercase letters is linked to the evolution of writing style from Roman stone carving to the quicker and more efficient writing methods used by scribes, where speed and space were valued. This cursive or minuscule writing eventually led to the development of the lowercase "e" as we know it today.
In mathematics, "e" is also a very important number known as Euler's number, approximately equal to 2.71828. It is the base of natural logarithms and is used widely in mathematics and physics.